I’m researching wearable technology as a new frontier in ‘enclothed cognition’ and what I’m calling ‘enclothed performance’ at the London College of Fashion.

  • Enclothed cognition: influence that clothes have on the wearer’s psychological processes
  • Enclosed performance: influence that clothes have on the wearer’s performance
  • Embodied cognition: influence that body states have on states of mind

Here’s an evolving bibliography of research papers for others interested in enclothed cognition, starting with a fun primer video on Enclothed Cognition.


Adam, H., & Galinsky, A. D. (2012). Enclothed cognitionJournal of Experimental Social Psychology48(4), 918-925.

Adams, A. T., Costa, J., Jung, M. F., & Choudhury, T. (2015, September). Mindless computing: designing technologies to subtly influence behavior. In Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (pp. 719-730). ACM.

Aguilera, A., & Muench, F. (2012). There’s an App for that: Information technology applications for cognitive behavioral practitionersThe Behavior therapist/AABT35(4), 65.

Anderson, M. L. (2003). Embodied cognition: A field guideArtificial intelligence149(1), 91-130.

Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Funder, D. C. (2007). Psychology as the science of self-reports and finger movements: Whatever happened to actual behavior?Perspectives on Psychological Science2(4), 396-403.

Botella, C., Riva, G., Gaggioli, A., Wiederhold, B. K., Alcaniz, M., & Banos, R. M. (2012). The present and future of positive technologiesCyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking15(2), 78-84.

Churchill, E. F. (2014). Wellth Creation: Using Computer Science to Support Proactive HealthComputer, (11), 70-72.

Consolvo, S., Everitt, K., Smith, I., & Landay, J. A. (2006, April). Design requirements for technologies that encourage physical activity. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in computing systems (pp. 457-466). ACM.

DeCaro, M. S. (2014). Enclothed Cognition and Controlled Attention During Insight Problem-SolvingThe Journal of Problem Solving7(1), 8.

Delgado, M. (2014) How fit is that Fitbit? What the science says about fitness trackers and how well they work. Berkeley science review

Dingler, T., Bexheti, A., Niforatos, E., & Alt, F. (2015, August). Workshop on Mobile Cognition: Using Mobile Devices to Enhance Human Cognition. In Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services Adjunct (pp. 970-973). ACM.

Ellis, D. A., & Jenkins, R. (2015). Watch-wearing as a marker of conscientiousnessPeerJ3, e1210.

Glenberg, A. M., Witt, J. K., & Metcalfe, J. (2013). From the revolution to embodiment 25 years of cognitive psychologyPerspectives on Psychological Science8(5), 573-585.

Glenberg, A. M. (2010). Embodiment as a unifying perspective for psychologyWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science1(4), 586-596.

Harrison, D., Marshall, P., Bianchi-Berthouze, N., & Bird, J. (2015, September). Activity tracking: barriers, workarounds and customisation. In Proceedings of the 2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (pp. 617-621). ACM.

Hill, R. A., & Barton, R. A. (2005). Psychology: red enhances human performance in contestsNature435(7040), 293-293.

Howlett, N., Pine, K., Orakçioglu, I., & Fletcher, B. (2013). The influence of clothing on first impressions: Rapid and positive responses to minor changes in male attireJournal of Fashion Marketing and Management: An International Journal17(1), 38-48.

Howlett, N., Pine, K. J., Cahill, N., Orakçıoğlu, İ., & Fletcher, B. C. (2015). Unbuttoned: The interaction between provocativeness of female work attire and occupational statusSex Roles72(3-4), 105-116.

Husain, I., & Spence, D. (2015). Can healthy people benefit from health apps?BMJ350, h1887.

Körner, A., Topolinski, S., & Strack, F. (2015). Routes to embodimentFrontiers in psychology6.

Mahon, B. Z., & Caramazza, A. (2008). A critical look at the embodied cognition hypothesis and a new proposal for grounding conceptual contentJournal of physiology-Paris102(1), 59-70.

Morris, M. E., & Aguilera, A. (2012). Mobile, social, and wearable computing and the evolution of psychological practiceProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice43(6), 622.

Patel, M. S., Asch, D. A., & Volpp, K. G. (2015). Wearable devices as facilitators, not drivers, of health behavior changeJama313(5), 459-460.

Shapiro, L. (2007). The embodied cognition research programmePhilosophy compass2(2), 338-346.

Sjöklint, M., Constantiou, I. D., & Trier, M. (2015). The Complexities of Self-Tracking-an Inquiry into User Reactions and Goal AttainmentAvailable at SSRN.

Sjöklint, M. (2014, September). The measurable me: the influence of self-quantification on the online user’s decision-making process. In Proceedings of the 2014 ACM International Symposium on Wearable Computers: Adjunct Program (pp. 131-137). ACM.

Slepian, M. L., Ferber, S. N., Gold, J. M., & Rutchick, A. M. (2015). The Cognitive Consequences of Formal ClothingSocial Psychological and Personality Science, 1948550615579462.

Swan, M. (2013). The quantified self: Fundamental disruption in big data science and biological discoveryBig Data1(2), 85-99.

Swan, M. (2012). Sensor mania! the internet of things, wearable computing, objective metrics, and the quantified self 2.0Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks1(3), 217-253.

Wiedemann, D., Burt, D. M., Hill, R. A., & Barton, R. A. (2015). Red clothing increases perceived dominance, aggression and anger. Biology letters11(5), 20150166.

Wilson, A. D., & Golonka, S. (2013). Embodied cognition is not what you think it isFrontiers in psychology4.

Wilson, M. (2002). Six views of embodied cognitionPsychonomic bulletin & review9(4), 625-636.

Wright, R., & Keith, L. (2014). Wearable Technology: If the Tech Fits, Wear It. Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries11(4), 204-216.

Zhang, Q., Yin, T., & Ran, G. (2015). Enclothed Cognition: The New Perspectives on Embodied CognitionAdvances in psychology, 5, 323-333.

Zunker, C., Karr, T., Sherman, R. T., Cao, L., Crosby, R. D., & Mitchell, J. E. Perceptions of Running Performance: The Role of Clothing Fit. The sport journal, Feb